Monitoring Operation

The execution of this monitoring plan includes the sampling and detection work of rivers, reservoirs, groundwater, the sea area and the beach. In order to fully and accurately interpret the current water status, the insured quality assurance and quality control are very important aspects for preserving the water sampling collection. The following are methods of sampling, preservation, shipment, detection and their detailed specifications and analyses:

Sampling procedure and flow chart of work content
Data Collection 1. Geographic environmental data 2. Hydro-meteorological data 3. Related water quality data
Scene’s Initial Exploration 1.Scene’s initial exploration record 2.Selecting sampling position 3.Describing sampling position 4.Obaining photo record
Drafting sampling plan 1.Drafting sampling schedule 2.Arranging personnel 3.Arranging transportation 4.Selecting sampling equipment
Preparation before sampling 1.Sampling equipment 2.meeting before sampling 3.Inspection before you begin
Scene’s sampling operation 1. Confirming sampling position 2.Sampling device and sampling technique 3.Inspecting the scene 4.Sampling note 5.Scene’s sampling record 6.Operation safety considerations
Sampling quality assurance and control operation 1.Instrument measurement note 2.Sampling personnel’s training 3.Sampling polluted prevention 4.Quality control over sample preparation 5.Sample preservation and shipment

Sampling
The purpose of structuring a water sampling operation is to provide relevant departments a standardized operational procedure. The objective is to obtain a representative sample and measure the result. A complete sampling procedure runs from data collection to shipping the sample back to the laboratory; these procedures and work content are listed below: The work flow and content of new-setting sampling point
(A) Data Collection
: The purpose of data collection is to provide a background understanding of water bodies, which include the collection of the water's geographic position, climate factors, hydrology and historical water quality data. (B)Initial scene exploration: The purpose of initial exploration of the scene is to determine the sampling position. In addition to that we need to recognize the conditions of the sampling site. After the sampling unit has familiarized with the monitoring station net’s configuration, they must examine the site and mark the exact position for other sampling personnel to recognize the spot. (C)Drafting sampling plan: The sampling unit needs to organize the sampling schedule, traffic, personnel arrangement and sampling devices in advance of the site sampling. (D)Preparation before sampling: The sampling unit should make preparations according to the items drafted by the sampling plan. Hold a conference to distribute work and complete the final inspection and verification for sampling devices before performing the site's sampling. (E)Site sampling operation: Consider the equipments, technique, site determination procedure, and safety considerations and compose a descriptive and standard format of the site's sampling record. (F)Quality assurance and control of sampling: The Sampling operation should have a guaranteed quality assurance and control, thus, we could ensure that the samples are an accurate representation of the water Original sampling point’s work flow and content:
(A) Preparation before sampling:
The sampling unit should make preparations according to the items drafted by the sampling plan. Next, the unit should reconvene at a conference to distribute the work and complete the final inspection and verification for the sampling devices before performing the site's sampling. (B)Site sampling operation: Consider things such as equipment, techniques, the site's detection procedure and safety considerations and compose a description and standardized format of the site's sampling record. (C)Quality assurance and control of sampling: The sampling operation should have a guaranteed quality assurance and control, thus, we could ensure that the samples are an accurate representation of the water.
Conservation / Shipment

(A) Sample conservation:
The samples are immediately packaged separately for conservation. Personnel complete the sampling and proceed to packaging the samples on the scene. After it has been packaged, chemicals are added following the label instructions on the sample bottle for proper conservation. After adding the chemical, the samples are placed in a freezer. (B) Sample shipment: After the personnel have completed the day to day operations they must inspect and verify samples carefully and ensure that the samples are all correct; separately packing samples analyzed by each unit, putting them into a freezer at minus 4 degrees centigrade. In the meantime, they must also ensure that the reports and the sample monitoring table are completed and sealed in a plastic zip-lock bag along with the samples and shipped to the laboratories for testing. If for any reason the samples cannot be shipped back to the laboratory right away on that day, the samples must be stored in a freezer according to rules, and once the sampling operations are completed, ship all the samples to the laboratory immediately. The sampling personnel and person in charge of shipping must be aware how much time it takes the samples to arrive at the laboratory, ensuring that all the samples match the requirement of storage life.
Detection methods
All the laboratories participating and executing this monitoring plan are practicing in accordance with the newest version of detection methods and APHA(Standard Methods) proposed by the Environmental Protection Administration. They execute the necessary procedures of water monitoring and analysis work. For more information regarding the current monitoring work and examination methods please refer to the website of the Environmental Analysis Laboratory of the E.P.A, Executive Yuan, using “detection method” to search “the detection method used by Environmental Analysis Laboratory”.
UPDATE:2019/09/27